Children's Literature in China: From Lu Xun to Mao Zedong

By Mary Ann Farquhar | Go to book overview

literature never quite matched the actual practice of children's literature.

The triumph of the revolutionary school of children's literature was hollow and short-lived. Post-Mao assessment of the field rehabilitated writers and works purged in the Cultural Revolution. The return of theory reinstated concepts from the fifties and the May Fourth period. Literary awards honored writers, like Ye Shengtao and Bing Xin, whose work extended back to the earliest beginnings of a modern Chinese children's literature. Indeed, the post-Mao critique of the field established that children's literature in the People's Republic of China cannot be properly understood outside its foundations before 1949. The literature after 1949 clearly had its roots in pre- Liberation China.


Notes
1.
Glendon, M. A., Gordon, M. W., and Osakwe, C., Comparative Legal Traditions, ( St. Paul, Minn., 1985), p. 715.
2.
Chen Zijun, "'Quanguo Shaonian Ertong Wenyi Chuangzuo Pingjiang Yougan'", op. cit., p. 20.
3.
Yan Wenjing, "'Xu'", Ertong Wenxue Xuan, January 1954-December 1955 ( Beijing, 1956) p. 1.
4.
Editorial reprinted in Chen Zijun, "'Quanguo Shaonian Ertong Wenyi Chuangzuo Pingjiang Yougan'", op. cit., p. 21.
5.
Yang Li, "'Ertong Wenxue Zatan'", Wenyibao, Nos 65-6 ( 1952), p. 28.
8.
Jiang Feng, Zhongguo Ertong Wenxue Jianghua, op. cit., p. 74.
9.
Ren Dalin, "'Xishuai'", Xishuai ( Beijing, 1979). Translated in Chinese Literature, No 1 ( 1957).
10.
Gao Xiangzhen, "'Xiao Pang he Xiao Song'", Zhongguo Zuojia Xiehui (ed.), Ertong Wenxue Xuan, January 1954-December 1955 ( Beijing, 1956).
11.
Ke Yan, '"Xiaobing" de Gushi', in Zhongguo Zuojia Xiehui (ed.), 1956 Ertong Wenxue Xuan ( Beijing, 1958), p. 394.
12.
Xiao Ping, "'Haibin de Haizi'", in Zhongguo Zuojia Xiehui (ed.), Ertong Wenxue Xuan, January 1954-December 1955, op. cit., p. 164.
13.
Bing Xin, "'Xiao Judeng'", Xiao Judeng ( Beijing, 1957).
14.
Hu Qi, Wucai Lu ( Beijing, 1957), p. 158.
15.
For more on his life see Ye Yonglie, Gao Shiqi Yeye ( Shanghai, 1979).
16.
Gao Shiqi, "'Juner de Zizhuan'", Zhongxuesheng, No. 62 ( 1936).
17.
Gao Shiqi, "'Taiyang de Gongzuo'", in Zhongguo Zuojia Xiehui (ed.), Ertong Wenxue Xuan, January 1954-December 1955, op. cit., p. 373.
18.
Gao Shiqi, "'Shijian Bobo'", Zhongguo Zuojia Xiehui (ed.), Ertong Wenxue Xuan, January 1954-December 1955, op. cit., p. 370.

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Children's Literature in China: From Lu Xun to Mao Zedong
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Studies on Modern China ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Figures ix
  • Acknowledgements xiii
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 10
  • 1 - The Historical Background 13
  • Conclusion 36
  • Notes 37
  • 2 - Lu Xun and the World of Children 41
  • Conclusion 84
  • Notes 86
  • 3 - A New Children's Literature 91
  • Conclusion 138
  • Notes 139
  • 4 - Revolutionary Children's Literature 143
  • Conclusion 185
  • Notes 187
  • 5 - Comic Books and Popularization 191
  • Conclusion 242
  • Notes 244
  • 6 - Children's Literature in the People's Republic of China 249
  • Conclusion 293
  • Notes 295
  • 7 - The Post-Mao Canon 299
  • Conclusion 305
  • Notes 306
  • Bibliography 307
  • Index 325
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