Compromises in the Kremlin The governments merge The underground leaders are hostages No appeal
ON the first day of the deliberations among the Poles assembled in Moscow, June 17, 1945, those who no longer owed their allegiance to their homeland told the rest of us how dearly they were loved by the people of Poland. And when two Poles who knew the truth spoke up to dissent--Żuławski and Kutrzeba--the meeting was immediately adjourned.
On the next day I met with Bierut and Osóbka-Morawski. This was no time for the language of diplomacy.
"The democratic Poles cannot accept you as President of the National Council," I told Bierut, "for the simple reason that you--as a Communist-- appointed the National Council, which in turn named you President. I offer these proposals: that Wincenty Witos, as leader of the largest political body in Poland [the Peasant Party] should be named president ad interim; and if that is not acceptable, then we should form a three-man board for this post, composed of Witos, Cardinal Sapieha, and yourself."
I waited. He did not explode. So I continued:
"What is more, we should fix now the date for the 'free and unfettered election' ordained by the terms of Yalta. In the meantime, the Peasant Party,