had set up the Reformed Church of France. This brought together 90 per cent of the two principal existing groups of churches, together with a number of other free churches, and included Lutherans, a small Reformed Church of Alsace-Lorraine, and the main Protestant movement in those two provinces, with allegiance to the Augsburg Confession, as well as Methodists. A tiny minority, however, refused to join the new union and set up the Union des Eglises réformées évangéliques indépendantes, with a tiny theological faculty at Aix. 33 The new national union, formally entitled 'L'Union nationale des associations cultuelles de l'Eglise réformée de France', was based on a common Declaration of Faith dating from 1936.
A Fédération Protestante de France was formally created, led by Pastor Boegner, who was also the head of the Union itself. The latter was governed by a Conseil National. This had under it Conseils Régionaux, which in turn had the oversight of local Conseils Presbytéraux. The effect of this system was that often initiatives came from the parish level and were transmitted upwards.
Such then, were the dispositions of Christianity in France in 1940. How Catholics and Protestants viewed the national and international scene before the collapse has now to be considered.
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