Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France

By W. D. Halls | Go to book overview

operation between employer and worker was seen as the way forward --in other words, a form of corporatism. But in reality the immediate enemy was neither Stalin nor the Communist 'fifth column' within the gates, but Hitler.


Notes

Unless otherwise stated the place of publication is Paris.

1.
N F7.13193. Le Bulletin du Jour (correspondance de presse du parti radical et radical- socialiste), 3 February 1925.
2.
D du Nord, Lille, M154/116A FNC. Speech at a meeting of the FNC at Dunkirk, 21 May 1925, reported by the Commissariat Central, Lille, to the prefect, 22 May 1925.
3.
D du Nord, M154/118. Speech at a meeting of the ACJF at Roubaix, 23 July 1924, reported by the Commissariat de Police, 4e arrondissement, to the Commissariat Central, Roubaix, 24 July 1924.
4.
S. Berstein, Edouard Herriot ou la République en personne, 1985, p. 114 and p. 125.
5.
Quoted in G. Combes, "L'Esprit public en Haute-Loire de 1940 à 1942", RHDGM, 1972, pp. 56ff.
7.
For an account of the PDP, particularly in the Nord department, where it was especially strong, see: B. Béhouart, "Histoire du MRP dans l'arrondissement de Lille" Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Lille III, 1972.
8.
R. Raymond-Laurent, Le Parti démocrate populaire, 1924-1944, 1960, pp. 114ff.
9.
Quoted in P. Christophe, Les Catholiques et le Front Populaire, 1986, p. 43. For much in the following pages I am indebted to this lucid monograph.
10.
Ibid., p. 36.
11.
Ibid., p. 34.
12.
Y. Tranvouez, "Les Catholiques: séparer le bon grain de l'ivraie", in: J.-P. Azéma, A. Prost and J.-P. Rioux (eds), Le Parti communiste français des années sombres, 1938-1941, 1986, pp. 76f.
13.
Azéma, et al. (eds), Le Patti communiste, p. 73; see also: J. Hellman, Emmanuel Mounier and the New Catholic Left, 1930-1950, Toronto, 1981, pp. 104f.
14.
Mgr Ruch, writing in the Bulletin ecclésiastique de Strasbourg, 1 October 1936.
15.
The Catholic monthly, Le Pèlerin (established 1873), had a circulation of some 550,000 copies before the war, and was second only to the scurrilous Gringoire (650,000 copies), and accountied for some 25 per cent of the circulation of the main weekly or monthly periodicals published in Paris. The two Catholic dailies, Le Jour and L'Echo de Paris, had a combined circulation of 325,000, representing a market share of some 21 per cent. The Communist L'Humanité, with a circulation of some 343,000, was easily the most widely read daily. Nevertheless the figures show the strength of the Catholic nonspecialized press. A breakdown of the figures is given in H. Dubief, Le déclin de la Troisième République, 1929-1938, 1976.
16.
Christophe, Les Catholiques. Letter of Cardinal Baudrillart to Mgr Chollet, archbishop of Cambrai, in 1936, quoted on p. 35.
17.
Quoted in H. Noguères, Front Populaire, 1935-1938, 1977, p. 236.
18.
Christophe, Les Catholiques, p. 82.

-28-

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Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Berg French Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • List of Abbreviations x
  • Part I - Christianity in Crisis 1
  • 1 - Introductory 3
  • Notes 13
  • 2 - Christians and Pre-War Politics 15
  • Notes 28
  • 3 - Prelude to Vichy 31
  • Notes 40
  • Part II - Aspirations, Realisations and Disappointments 43
  • 4 - The Man of Destiny 45
  • Notes 65
  • 5 - Christians in Disarray 69
  • Notes 84
  • 6 - The Church: New Laws 87
  • Notes 92
  • Part III - The Scapegoats 93
  • 7 - Christians and Jews--I 95
  • Notes 110
  • 8 - Christians and Jews--Ii 113
  • Notes 124
  • 9 - Christians and Jews: The Aftermath 127
  • Notes 144
  • Part IV - Friends and Foes 149
  • 10 - Christians and the Allies 151
  • Notes 162
  • 11 - Christians, Bombings and 'terrorism' 165
  • Notes 174
  • 12 - Christians and Germans 177
  • Notes 195
  • 13 - Christians and the Resistance 199
  • Notes 220
  • 14 - Vichy, the Church and the Vatican 223
  • Notes 236
  • Part V - The Church and Society 239
  • 15 - The Church and Economic and Social Affairs 241
  • Notes 265
  • 16 - Youth Policy and the Church 269
  • Notes 284
  • 17 - Youth Movements 287
  • Notes 307
  • 18 - Christians and Deportation to Germany 311
  • Notes 334
  • Part VI - Settling the Accounts 339
  • 19 - Christians and the Collaborationists 341
  • Notes 356
  • 20 - 'Epuration' and the Higher Clergy 361
  • Notes 379
  • 21 - Concluding Remarks 383
  • Notes 388
  • Appendix I Before the War: L'Aube and the Catholic Intellectual Press 389
  • Notes 391
  • Appendix II Bishops and Archbishops by Province 393
  • Bibliographical Note 397
  • Select Bibliography 399
  • Index 405
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