Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France

By W. D. Halls | Go to book overview

introduced would allow it to participate fully in national life. But Pétain, he declared, wished to move forward gradually and had not annulled 'les grandes lois de 1901 et de 1905'. He believed the reforms he had now been instrumental in bringing about were irreversible 13

Incidentally, the State subsidised considerably the building of new churches in the Paris area, and the repair of others, continuing the work begun in 1931 by Cardinal Verdier, 'le cardinal aux 100 églises'. From 1941 to 1943 56 million francs of public money were used by Mgr Touze, the diocesan Vicar-General, in collaboration with the Finance ministry and the Prefect of the Seine, to complete building or initiate repairs on seventeen churches, including the Sacré C੓ur. Pétain took a personal interest in this project. 14 Léon Noël, Laval's 'directeur de cabinet', a 'closet Gaullist', warned Cardinal Suhard that this would stop if the regime collapsed. In point of fact it continued, although at a much slower pace.

Nevertheless no definitive statute for Church-State relations in France was ever realised, not even in Catholic education.


Notes

Unless otherwise stated the place of publication is Paris.

1.
AN 72 AJ 1863; see also The Times, 7 March 1941.
3.
A copy of the pamphlet is to be found in AN 2 AG 493.
4.
AN 2 AG 492. Memorandum prepared for a discussion between Pétain and Cardinal Gerlier, 22 July 1941.
5.
AN 2 AG 609. Letter of Labarthéte, Vichy, 2 August 1941,
6.
AN 2 AG 493. Letter of Sauret to Lavagne, 12 August 1941.
7.
AN 2 AG 609. 'Note à propos des revendications de la DRAC', ref: ML/GC. Vichy, 8 August 1941.
8.
N 2 AG 493. Letter to General Laure, a member of Pétain's staff, from Père Rieu, the Superior of the Marist Fathers, La Neylière, by Sainte-Foy l'Argentière, Rhône, 27 February 1942.
9.
For a detailed discussion of the new laws affecting the religious orders, see N. Atkin, Church and Schools in Vichy France, New York and London, 1991, pp. 114-30.
10.
Le Nouvelliste de Bretagne, 30 April 1942. Article by Pierre Lessageon, quoting René Chateau , "Le retour des congrégations", La France socialiste, 19 April 1942.
11.
AN 2 AG 492. Letter from Lavagne to Valerio Valeri, Vichy, 1 January 1943.
12.
AN 2 AG 616. Letter of Mgr Choquet to Pétain, Lourdes, 18 July 1940.
13.
AN 2 AG 492. Letter to E. Marret, 31 boul. Chave, Marseilles, Vichy, 4 January 1943.

-92-

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Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Berg French Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • List of Abbreviations x
  • Part I - Christianity in Crisis 1
  • 1 - Introductory 3
  • Notes 13
  • 2 - Christians and Pre-War Politics 15
  • Notes 28
  • 3 - Prelude to Vichy 31
  • Notes 40
  • Part II - Aspirations, Realisations and Disappointments 43
  • 4 - The Man of Destiny 45
  • Notes 65
  • 5 - Christians in Disarray 69
  • Notes 84
  • 6 - The Church: New Laws 87
  • Notes 92
  • Part III - The Scapegoats 93
  • 7 - Christians and Jews--I 95
  • Notes 110
  • 8 - Christians and Jews--Ii 113
  • Notes 124
  • 9 - Christians and Jews: The Aftermath 127
  • Notes 144
  • Part IV - Friends and Foes 149
  • 10 - Christians and the Allies 151
  • Notes 162
  • 11 - Christians, Bombings and 'terrorism' 165
  • Notes 174
  • 12 - Christians and Germans 177
  • Notes 195
  • 13 - Christians and the Resistance 199
  • Notes 220
  • 14 - Vichy, the Church and the Vatican 223
  • Notes 236
  • Part V - The Church and Society 239
  • 15 - The Church and Economic and Social Affairs 241
  • Notes 265
  • 16 - Youth Policy and the Church 269
  • Notes 284
  • 17 - Youth Movements 287
  • Notes 307
  • 18 - Christians and Deportation to Germany 311
  • Notes 334
  • Part VI - Settling the Accounts 339
  • 19 - Christians and the Collaborationists 341
  • Notes 356
  • 20 - 'Epuration' and the Higher Clergy 361
  • Notes 379
  • 21 - Concluding Remarks 383
  • Notes 388
  • Appendix I Before the War: L'Aube and the Catholic Intellectual Press 389
  • Notes 391
  • Appendix II Bishops and Archbishops by Province 393
  • Bibliographical Note 397
  • Select Bibliography 399
  • Index 405
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