Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France

By W. D. Halls | Go to book overview

Liénart, seemed to evade the choice by maintaining a public silence. For those Christians--and they were many--who opted against condoning persecution it was the catalyst for joining the Resistance. They did so with a good conscience, and thus helped to sustain French honour.

Although deportations continued, the last one taking place as late as August 1944, the Church's attention was diverted as it was confronted with another problem, one that concerned a larger body of people: the STO: the shipping off to Germany of young men as forced labour for the German war machine.


Notes

Unless otherwise stated the place of publication is Paris

1.
FCO archives,: Microfilm frame No, 220417. German telegram 2322 of 14 September 1942, sent from Rome and signed Bergen.
2.
FCO archives: Microfilm frame No. 220323. German telegram 3732 of 28 August 1942, signed Abetz, and frame No. 220282, German telegram 212 of 18 August 1942, signed Bergen.
3.
AN F60. 1674. A later document in this Fighting French file, ref: B 2725 "Note d'Orientation", La levée des crosses, August 1942, adds that Pétain retorted in turn to the effect that he relied on information from Bérard, his envoy to the Vatican: 'Je lis les rapports de mo ambassadeur.'
4.
L. Papeleux, "Le Vatican et le problème juif, 1941-1942", RHDGM, 107: 1974, pp.79ff.
5.
AN F60. 1674. 'Note d'orientation', No. B 2725, August 1942.
8.
Papeleux, 'Le Vatican', p. 80.
9.
De Lubac, Résistance chrétienne, pp. 169ff.
10.
AN F60. 1758. File E24, Radio Vatican, 21.00, 25 June 1943. Talk: 'The Church, Mother of Nations'.
12.
Papeleux, 'Le Vatican', p. 79. Papeleux, who reports this incident, adds: 'Aucun document n'apporte la preuve que le Saint-Siège s'intéressa encore à ce douloureux problème.'
13.
FCO archives: Microfilm frame 220498. Telegram 4340 (to Wilhelmstrasse) of 30 September 1942, signed Abetz: 'Die Judenfrage sei in letzter Zeit stark diskutiert werden, vor allem von kirchlicher Seite, was er [Pétain] nicht billige. Die Staatsräson musse vor jeder verständlichen Menschlichkeit walten'; Ein Teil der Klerus, vor allem der Pariser Erzbischof Suhard, haben hierfür grösseres Verständnis gezeigt als andere Bischöfe.'
14.
The Tablet ( London), 24 October 1942, reported in AN F60. 1758.

-144-

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Politics, Society and Christianity in Vichy France
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Berg French Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • List of Abbreviations x
  • Part I - Christianity in Crisis 1
  • 1 - Introductory 3
  • Notes 13
  • 2 - Christians and Pre-War Politics 15
  • Notes 28
  • 3 - Prelude to Vichy 31
  • Notes 40
  • Part II - Aspirations, Realisations and Disappointments 43
  • 4 - The Man of Destiny 45
  • Notes 65
  • 5 - Christians in Disarray 69
  • Notes 84
  • 6 - The Church: New Laws 87
  • Notes 92
  • Part III - The Scapegoats 93
  • 7 - Christians and Jews--I 95
  • Notes 110
  • 8 - Christians and Jews--Ii 113
  • Notes 124
  • 9 - Christians and Jews: The Aftermath 127
  • Notes 144
  • Part IV - Friends and Foes 149
  • 10 - Christians and the Allies 151
  • Notes 162
  • 11 - Christians, Bombings and 'terrorism' 165
  • Notes 174
  • 12 - Christians and Germans 177
  • Notes 195
  • 13 - Christians and the Resistance 199
  • Notes 220
  • 14 - Vichy, the Church and the Vatican 223
  • Notes 236
  • Part V - The Church and Society 239
  • 15 - The Church and Economic and Social Affairs 241
  • Notes 265
  • 16 - Youth Policy and the Church 269
  • Notes 284
  • 17 - Youth Movements 287
  • Notes 307
  • 18 - Christians and Deportation to Germany 311
  • Notes 334
  • Part VI - Settling the Accounts 339
  • 19 - Christians and the Collaborationists 341
  • Notes 356
  • 20 - 'Epuration' and the Higher Clergy 361
  • Notes 379
  • 21 - Concluding Remarks 383
  • Notes 388
  • Appendix I Before the War: L'Aube and the Catholic Intellectual Press 389
  • Notes 391
  • Appendix II Bishops and Archbishops by Province 393
  • Bibliographical Note 397
  • Select Bibliography 399
  • Index 405
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