on 15 July 1944 but was warned beforehand that at the service he should make no adverse comments on government policy; if he did so, said Boutémy, the regional Prefect, he himself would rectify any statement by addressing the crowd outside the church immediately afterwards. To mark his displeasure, Gerlier left the service ten minutes before the end. After the incident had been reported to Laval, Mgr Moncelle, a counsellor at the French Embassy to the Vatican, thought the Head of Government should formally rebuke the cardinal. 70 In Paris Cardinal Suhard, attended by Mgr Chappoulie and Mgr Beaussart, presided over the funeral mass itself in Notre Dame, in the presence of the German commanding officer for Gross-Paris. 71 He refused, however, to pronounce a funeral oration. Gerlier privately criticised Suhard's participation, but the latter argued that as a Catholic and as a minister in office Henriot had a right to a state ceremony. However, at Vichy a mass had been celebrated on 5 July 1944, which Pétain had attended in civilian clothes to denote that he came in his private capacity.
Elsewhere various ceremonies were held. In Marseilles Mgr Dulay, going against the advice of his Resistance clergy, did actually give an address. In Bordeaux Archbishop Feltin attended a ceremony. In Rouen Archbishop Petit de Julleville used the occasion to speak out against the perpetrators of the assassination. 72 Ceremonies were held in Nice, Cannes, Menton and Grasse: the Riviera was a stronghold of the Milice, of which Henriot had nominally been a member. It was probably this commemoration, coming so close to the Liberation, of one who had attacked them so relentlessly that triggered off the bitterly hostile reaction of the Resistance, including many Catholics, to the bishops a few weeks later. As late as May Henriot had attacked some of the clergy for encouraging 'rebellion'. 73 Even in his death the eloquent Catholic orator, once a leading light among the Catholic laity, did not fail to make an impact.
What, however, of the bishops, who, rightly or wrongly, came under suspicion at the Liberation?
Unless otherwise stated the place of publication is Paris