PEOPLE seem inclined to think of the Arctic as a region where one piles on endless garments, yet old Utoyak who has bucked the northern blizzards for nearly seventy years concentrates her entire clothing into two pieces. From the waist down one garment of caribou fur is made to take the place of what in the well-dressed American woman would be the step-ins, slip, dress, stockings, and shoes. The second garment is a tunic of caribou fur replacing the shirt, dress, coat, hat, and scarf. When she is out on the trail she does have to add moccasins as a sort of overshoe, and gloves to protect her hands. But practically all she has to do when she gets dressed is to jump into the lower garment and pull the upper one over her head.
This upper garment is really the most important piece of apparel among all the clothing of the Arctic. It is not particularly associated with race, sex, or age, for it is worn by every Eskimo and white, every man and woman, every adult and child in the entire region. It is called the parky.1
The parky is a loose-fitting garment which is slipped over the head and comes down about to the knees. It has the dual advantage over most white clothing that there are no open-____________________