IT IS necessary to qualify the results which I obtained with the Stanford-Binet test by mentioning that I had little practice in giving it before going to the Arctic. Because of my lack of experience I probably followed Terman's standard rules for giving the test somewhat more strictly and marked more severely than would an examiner with greater experience. When I returned to Baltimore all the tests I gave were check- marked by Bertha Brewer of the Psychology Department of Johns Hopkins University.
The Eskimo children were handicapped by the striking difference between their background and that of the white children for whom the test was devised. Of the eighteen Eskimos, seven came from homes in which the Eskimo language was spoken exclusively, and four more from a home in which it was used at least half the time. The Eskimo boy of 5½ who got the lowest mark of any of the younger children had never heard the English language spoken until six months before I gave him the test. A little girl who got a low normal grade could only speak the most broken English. In view of these language difficulties I uniformly omitted the vocabulary test.
Certain substitutions were necessary because some of the questions were meaningless to children with the Eskimo background. Thus in test III-2 a safety pin was substituted