Tobacco Control Laws: Implementation and Enforcement

By Peter D. Jacobson; Jeffrey Wasserman | Go to book overview

Chapter One
INTRODUCTION

In recent years, many states and localities have enacted laws restricting smoking in public places and youth access to tobacco products. Despite the large number of such laws, little empirical research has assessed or evaluated the manner in which these laws are implemented and enforced. The dearth of research in this area is especially troublesome in view of several recent studies indicating that laws and ordinances restricting smoking in public places can be an effective tobacco control strategy ( Wasserman et al., 1991; Chaloupka , 1988; Keeler et al., 1991), and that rigorous enforcement of youth access laws can in fact reduce teenagers' access to tobacco ( Feighery, Altman, and Shaffer, 1991; Jason et al., 1991).

The purpose of this study is to examine, through a series of detailed case studies, the process by which tobacco control laws and ordinances are implemented and enforced by state and local authorities. For legislation to be an effective public policy approach, the implementation and enforcement of the laws must be diffused to the public, to business establishments, and to tobacco product vendors. Understanding the process of diffusion, and especially barriers to enforcement or implementation, will assist policymakers, legislators, and interested stakeholders in designing an effective anti-tobacco strategy.

Tobacco control legislation is designed to achieve certain policy objectives, usually the protection of nonsmokers from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and often limiting teenage access to tobacco. Enacting statewide and local tobacco control measures is a necessary, though not sufficient, condition for ensuring that smokers and

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Tobacco Control Laws: Implementation and Enforcement
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables ix
  • Summary xi
  • Acknowledgments xxiii
  • Chapter One - Introduction 1
  • Chapter Two - Overview of the Case Studies 23
  • Chapter Three - Results 49
  • Chapter Four - Discussion 79
  • Appendix A - Texas Case Study 97
  • Appendix B - Arizona Case Study 109
  • Appendix C - Minnesota Case Study 121
  • Appendix D - California Case Study 133
  • Appendix E - New York Case Study 145
  • Appendix F - Illinois Case Study 163
  • Appendix G - Florida Case Study 177
  • Appendix H - Interview Guide for Assessing the Implementation of Tobacco Control Laws 189
  • Bibliography 195
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