Tobacco Control Laws: Implementation and Enforcement

By Peter D. Jacobson; Jeffrey Wasserman | Go to book overview

Chapter Two
OVERVIEW OF THE CASE STUDIES

CASE STUDY METHODS

Site Selection

Although it would have been desirable to review state laws and local ordinances in every state, resource constraints prevented such an ambitious agenda. Instead, we limited our case study sites to seven states: California, Arizona, Texas, New York, Minnesota, Illinois, and Florida. These include the six states from our previous study of the political evolution of anti-tobacco legislation ( Jacobson, Wasserman, and Raube, 1993) plus California. As shown in Table 2.1, these states represent a mix of legal environments across several dimensions. Some have strong statewide legislation and weak local ordinances ( Minnesota), others have the reverse ( Texas), and one has strong statewide and local anti-tobacco laws ( New York). The states also vary in their approaches to vending machine and sample distribution restrictions.

We chose to revisit the states in our earlier study for several reasons. First, they vary across dimensions of interest to policymakers. For instance, the states vary in the locus of enforcement responsibility, the strength of legislative enforcement provisions, and the extent to which smoking in public places is regulated by state and local laws. Also, revisiting Illinois and Florida, states with controversial preemption provisions, enables us to assess how preemption affects anti-tobacco coalition operations and local enforcement and implementation efforts. Second, we had established contacts that

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Tobacco Control Laws: Implementation and Enforcement
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables ix
  • Summary xi
  • Acknowledgments xxiii
  • Chapter One - Introduction 1
  • Chapter Two - Overview of the Case Studies 23
  • Chapter Three - Results 49
  • Chapter Four - Discussion 79
  • Appendix A - Texas Case Study 97
  • Appendix B - Arizona Case Study 109
  • Appendix C - Minnesota Case Study 121
  • Appendix D - California Case Study 133
  • Appendix E - New York Case Study 145
  • Appendix F - Illinois Case Study 163
  • Appendix G - Florida Case Study 177
  • Appendix H - Interview Guide for Assessing the Implementation of Tobacco Control Laws 189
  • Bibliography 195
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