OF SAMUEL CHASE
JUDGE PICKERING HAVING BEEN SCALPED, the Jefferson administration turned to bigger game. Thanks to President Adams's appointment of John Marshall as Chief Justice and Bushrod Washington (nephew of George) as associate justice, the Supreme Court no longer formed a solid phalanx of sedition exterminators. However, nearly all the men who had ruthlessly enforced the Sedition Act were still on the bench, and its entire membership was of the Federalist stripe. Among the justices, none was so widely hated as Samuel Chase of Maryland, whose high legal attainments were eclipsed by his bias and vindictiveness in political prosecutions on the circuit bench.
During the American Revolution Chase had been an ardent patriot and nationalist. "America has now taken her rank among the nations!" he jubilantly exclaimed when he heard of the 1778 treaty of alliance with France. He was also an avid purchaser of confiscated British property sold by the state and paid for in depreciated state currency. As