I N general these lists have not been continued beyond the outbreak of the civil war, after which there were often two sets of officials, one royal, one parliamentarian. Moreover parliament frequently appointed committees rather than individuals to carry on the work formerly done by the great officers of state.
|1645||See vacant until 1660.|
|1596||Sir Thomas Egerton, Lord Ellesmere ( 1603), and Viscount Brackley|
( 1616), keeper (chancellor, 1603).
|1617||Sir Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam ( 1618), and Viscount St. Albans|
( 1621), keeper (chancellor, 1618).
|1621|| John Williams, dean of Westminster, afterwards bishop of Lincoln,|
|1625||Sir Thomas Coventry, afterwards Lord Coventry, keeper.|
|1640||Sir John Finch, afterwards Lord Finch, keeper.|
|1641||Sir Edward Lyttelton, afterwards Lord Lyttelton, keeper.|
After the civil war began there were two seals, parliament making
one and entrusting it to commissioners.
|1599||Thomas Sackville, Lord Buckhurst ( 1567), earl of Dorset ( 1604).|
|1608|| Robert Cecil, Lord Cecil ( 1603), Viscount Cranborne ( 1604), earl|
of Salisbury ( 1605).
|1612|| Henry Howard, earl of Northampton ( 1604), and other commis-|
|1614|| Thomas Howard, Lord Howard de Walden ( 1597), earl of Suffolk|
|1618|| George Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, and other commissioners.|
1620 Henry Montagu, Baron Kimbolton and Viscount Mandeville ( 1620),
earl of Manchester ( 1626).
|1621||Lionel Cranfield, Lord Cranfield ( 1621), earl of Middlesex ( 1622).|
|1624||James Ley, Lord Ley ( 1624), earl of Marlborough ( 1626).|