ABOUT the time old Jack Frost comes to visit us, the trees begin to get ready for winter. Most of them lose all their leaves. They have work to do on the ground, to cover the plants and seeds.
Some trees are green all winter. We call these evergreens. Don't you think that is a good name for them?
The leaves are not like those of the oak or maple. They look like needles, and so they are called needles. The frost cannot hurt these green leaves.
Most of the evergreen trees are shaped like cones, each having one large central stem. The smaller stems or branches grow in whorls around the large one.
Often little scale-covered buds will be found at the ends of the branches.
About the base of the smaller branches a circle of scales will be found. This shows that these branches have grown from the buds.