The origins of this book can be traced to the mid- 1960s when the two senior authors arrived separately in New York to begin graduate study in political science--one at Columbia University and one at the Graduate Division of the City University. Each of us quickly developed an interest in local politics, and both were stimulated by Wallace Sayre and Herbert Kaufman Governing New York City. By the time of his sudden death, Wallace Sayre had personally aided one author's pursuit of a specialization in urban politics as teacher and dissertation supervisor. Herb Kaufman's changed research interests led him in other directions, but he never failed to reply to our inquiries and consistently encouraged us to update his classic. Like all students of New York City, we owe a great intellectual debt to Sayre and Kaufman.
Our separate interests in New York City were brought together through another of Columbia's outstanding professors, Eli Ginzberg. He hired us early in our academic careers. Eli and his colleagues at the Conservation of Human Resources (CHR) project provided an incredibly stimulating social science environment that shaped our minds and our notions of what research should seek to accomplish. Eli has been a friend and mentor for more than 20 years. This book--indeed many of the things professional we have enjoyed in our careers--would not have occurred without Eli's interventions. In addition to Eli, three CHR staffers played important roles. Miriam Cukier and Penny Peace provided research assistance and administrative support during the years when the idea of a book on New York City government began to shape our research interests; Charles Frederick has kept our books for almost as long as we have been lucky enough to receive grants to support this work.
Our collaboration in studying the city's politics intensified when the city of