Brotherly Tomorrows: Movements for a Cooperative Society in America, 1820-1920

By Edward K. Spann | Go to book overview

EPILOGUE: YESTERDAY AND TOMORROW

The century between 1820 and 1920 brought a rising interest in the ideal of cooperative brotherhood. In varying forms, the ideal was a potential reality for generations of radical social idealists who saw in their fluid, changing times the opportunity to reconstruct society on an essentially new basis. Radical social idealism was above all a response to the modernization which first became significant in North Atlantic society after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Modernization offered the hope that mankind, through the exercise of reason, could escape from the evils and miseries of the past. In physical science, Man could find the power to control the natural world; in social science, he could find the formula for the good society; in the cooperative use of the new powers, he could find the way, as one member of the Llano colony wrote in 1925, to "redeem the race and establish the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth." 1

If modernization offered the possibility of a radically better society, however, it also threatened to create a system which would both deny modern reason its benefits and pervert it into a source of human misery. Whether called Industrial Feudalism or Plutocracy, the new system seemed to be a way by which the shrewd and ruthless few could reduce the many to some form of wage slavery. Although most Americans

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Brotherly Tomorrows: Movements for a Cooperative Society in America, 1820-1920
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • I- The Challenge of the Century 1
  • II- The Prophet of New Lanark 17
  • III- A New Harmony? 29
  • IV- Individuality and Brook Farm 50
  • V- Fourierism 67
  • VII- The Phalanx in Dream and Reality 101
  • VIII- A Twilight Long Gleaming 122
  • IX- Preserving the American Eden 143
  • X- The Good Kings of Fouriana 163
  • XI- The Cooperative Commonwealth- Gronlund and Bellamy 176
  • XII- The Nationalist Movement 191
  • XIII- The Great Cooperative National People''s Trust 210
  • XIV- Socialism and "Utopia" 226
  • XV- Debsian Socialism 243
  • XVI- After Tomorrow 262
  • Epilogue- Yesterday and Tomorrow 278
  • Notes 283
  • Bibliography 327
  • Index 345
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