Family and Fertility in Puerto Rico: A Study of the Lower Income Group

By J. Mayone Stycos | Go to book overview

When we combine these data with the fact that men seem inordinately attached to their mothers in adulthood (see Chapter IV), we may speculate as to whether some sort of causal nexus exists.


CONCLUSIONS

From the foregoing brief sketch of status ideologies and child-rearing patterns, a few speculative conclusions will be drawn, and some possible implications of these for fertility indicated.

The complexes of machismo and virginity are rough expressions of cultural expectations for the two sexes. Males should be masterful, sexually aggressive, and free; females should be submissive, chaste, and confined to the home. Men are conceived of as strong and shrewd, women as weak and naive. Such ideologies are reflected in child-rearing practices which help to insure that the "character structure" of the adult fits cultural expectations for the sexes. The male child learns superiority over the female and a positive attitude toward his sexuality. Moreover, he is given freedom of mobility by means of which he can develop a sense of mastery over a relatively broad environment. The female learns that she is inferior to the male, her sexuality is discouraged, and her mobility is heavily restricted by the cloister pattern. Thus the assumptions concerning the native capacities of the sexes become confirmed--males become self-reliant, tough, positively oriented toward sex, and knowledgeable about the world. Females become submissive, weak, negatively or non-oriented toward sex, and relatively ignorant about the world.

Besides bolstering the double standard of sexual activity, such patterns could have other tangential implications for coital and birth-control rates. For example, if the situation holds in adulthood, the male will determine the frequency, mode, and occasion for coitus as well as whether birth control will be used. Furthermore, he might be expected to exercise more initiative and scope in sexual matters than the female.

The relative insulation of the sexes in childhood as well as their broadly differing social statuses might serve as barriers to communication or form the basis for anxious or suspicious attitudes between the sexes in adulthood. Such factors might affect the frequency of exposure to coitus and birth control.

-58-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Family and Fertility in Puerto Rico: A Study of the Lower Income Group
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Contents xi
  • Tables xiii
  • Figures xvii
  • I- Introduction 3
  • II- Differential Status Ideologies of the Sexes 29
  • III- Child-Rearing Practices 37
  • Conclusions 58
  • IV- Courtship 60
  • Conclusions 85
  • V- Early Marriage and Consensual Union 87
  • Conclusions 120
  • VI- Marital Relations 122
  • VII- Attitudes toward Fertility- The Fertility Belief System 158
  • Summary 180
  • VIII- Attitudes toward Birth Control 182
  • IX- The Dynamics of Birth-Control Use 217
  • X- Summary and Recommendations 242
  • Concluding Remarks 254
  • Appendix A- Methodology 256
  • Appendix B- Respondent Characteristics 293
  • Appendix C- The Construction of Indices 297
  • Appendix D- Interview Forms 300
  • Appendix E- Categories for File Index of Selected Quotations 315
  • List of Works Cited 316
  • Index 323
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 336

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.