The Psychology of Touch

By Morton A. Heller; William Schiff | Go to book overview

ability itself ( Axelrod, 1959). Although no differences exist in these measures of sensitivity, blind persons do excel in certain types of complex tactile form perception, indicating that basic measures do not necessarily predict performance on more cognitively demanding tasks. In fact, what appears to be the case is that blind persons are simply more attentive to this communication channel than those of us who are sighted ( Hollins, 1989, pp. 45-47). These issues will be dealt with elsewhere in this volume.

The following chapters will build on these data, discussing in more detail how tactile information is perceived in displays, natural and artificial, simple and complex. The skin can provide a rich alternative input channel for those whose visual and auditory sensory channels are either overloaded (as in the case of jet fighter pilots) or disabled (as in the case of blind or deaf persons). The chapters will illustrate the richness of sensations available through this oft-ignored communication channel, which allows us to keep in touch with the world around us.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The preparation of this manuscript was supported by Grant NS-04775-26 from the National Institutes of Health to Princeton University.


REFERENCES

Andres K. H., & Düring M., von ( 1973). "Morphology of cutaneous receptors". In A. Iggo (Ed.), Handbook of sensory physiology: Somatosensory system (Vol. 2, pp. 3-28). New York: Springer- Verlag.

Axelrod S. ( 1959). Effects of early blindness: Performance of blind and sighted children on tactile and auditory tasks. New York: American Foundation for the Blind.

Bazett H. C., McGlone B., Williams R. G., & Lufkin H. M. ( 1932). "Sensation. I. Depth, distribution, and probable identification in the prepuce of sensory end-organs concerned in sensations of temperature and touch; thermometric conductivity". Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 27, 489-517.

Békésy G., von ( 1939). "Über die Vibrationsempfindung". Akustische Zeitschrift, 4, 316-334.

Békésy G., von ( 1960). Experiments in hearing. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Békésy G., von ( 1967). Sensory inhibition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Bernstein L. E., Schecter M. B., & Goldstein M. H., Jr. ( 1986). "Child and adult vibrotactile thresholds for sinusoidal and pulsatile stimuli". Journal of the Acoustical Society, 80, 118-123.

Bolanowski S. J., Jr., Gescheider G. A., Verrillo R. T., & Checkosky C. M. ( 1988). "Four channels mediate the mechanical aspects of touch". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 84(5), 1680-1694.

Bolanowski S. J., Jr., & Verrillo R. T. ( 1982). "Temperature and criterion effects in a somatosensory subsystem: A neurophysiological and psychophysical study". Journal of Neurophysiology, 48(3), 836-855.

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The Psychology of Touch
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • References xi
  • Chapter 1 Introduction 1
  • Part I Sensory Phenomena 21
  • References 22
  • Chapter 2 Sensory and Physiological Bases of Touch 23
  • References 55
  • Chapter 3 Thermal Sensibility 61
  • References 87
  • Chapter 14 Pain Responsiveness 91
  • References 111
  • References 112
  • Part II Development and Intermodal Relations 115
  • References 117
  • Chapter 5 Intermodality Relations: Vision and Touch 119
  • References 135
  • Chapter 6 the Development of Haptic Perception During Infancy 139
  • Part III Tactile Pattern Perception 163
  • References 166
  • Chapter 7 Haptic Perception of Form: Activity and Stimulus Attributes 169
  • Chapter 8 Vibrotactile Pattern Perception: Some Findings and Applications 189
  • References 213
  • Chapter 9 Braille 219
  • References 235
  • References 238
  • Chapter 10 Haptic Perception in Blind People 239
  • Chapter 11 Tactile Pictures 263
  • References 296
  • Chapter 12 a Reversed Lag in the Recognition and Production of Tactual Drawings: Theoretical Implications for Haptic Coding 301
  • References 323
  • Chapter 13 Conclusions: the Future of Touch 327
  • References 336
  • Author Index 339
  • Subject Index 349
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