The Psychology of Touch

By Morton A. Heller; William Schiff | Go to book overview

the contour of a side view of a person's nose. Thus, it can be relatively easy to draw this contour using a raised-like drawing kit. It may be quite different and more difficult, however, to feel a raised line on a surface and ascertain what the line represents. Millar proposes that recognition of factual representations is indirect, and depends upon the nature of haptic representation. That is, for Millar, haptic representation is based on action plans and recognition is a function of retrieval cues.

Action often serves perception in touch, and Millar has cleverly stressed a way this could aid representation. There are numerous theoretical precedents for the idea that we code patterns in terms of representations of movement patterns. Piaget and Inhelder ( 1956) have argued that "haptic images" depend upon movement schemas. Thus, the image one constructs of a triangle depends on the movements used to explore that shape. Also, we have the observation of the aphasic with alexia that is unable to read a simple word (see Heller, 1985; Hulme, 1979). This individual recognized the word after tracing its outline with his finger. This is an additional indication of motoric coding of form. Millar's chapter ties together a lot of loose threads in the haptic literature.


REFERENCES

Heller M. A. ( 1985). "Tactual perception of embossed Morse code and braille: The alliance of vision and touch". Perception, 14, 563-570.

Heller M. A. ( 1989). "Tactile memory in sighted and blind observers: The influence of orientation and rate of presentation". Perception, 18, 121-133.

Hulme C. ( 1979). "The interaction of visual and motor memory for graphic forms following tracing". Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 31, 249-261.

Millar S. ( 1988). "Models of sensory deprivation: The nature/nurture dichotomy and spatial representation in the blind". International Journal of Behavioral Development, 11, 69-87.

Morse A. R., Silberman R., & Trief E. ( 1987). "Aging and visual impairment". Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 81, 308-312.

Piaget J., & Inhelder B. ( 1956). The child's conception of space. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Warren D. H. ( 1978). "Perception by the blind". In E. C. Cartererie Carterette & M. P. Friedman (Eds.), Handbook of perception. New York: Academic Press.

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The Psychology of Touch
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • References xi
  • Chapter 1 Introduction 1
  • Part I Sensory Phenomena 21
  • References 22
  • Chapter 2 Sensory and Physiological Bases of Touch 23
  • References 55
  • Chapter 3 Thermal Sensibility 61
  • References 87
  • Chapter 14 Pain Responsiveness 91
  • References 111
  • References 112
  • Part II Development and Intermodal Relations 115
  • References 117
  • Chapter 5 Intermodality Relations: Vision and Touch 119
  • References 135
  • Chapter 6 the Development of Haptic Perception During Infancy 139
  • Part III Tactile Pattern Perception 163
  • References 166
  • Chapter 7 Haptic Perception of Form: Activity and Stimulus Attributes 169
  • Chapter 8 Vibrotactile Pattern Perception: Some Findings and Applications 189
  • References 213
  • Chapter 9 Braille 219
  • References 235
  • References 238
  • Chapter 10 Haptic Perception in Blind People 239
  • Chapter 11 Tactile Pictures 263
  • References 296
  • Chapter 12 a Reversed Lag in the Recognition and Production of Tactual Drawings: Theoretical Implications for Haptic Coding 301
  • References 323
  • Chapter 13 Conclusions: the Future of Touch 327
  • References 336
  • Author Index 339
  • Subject Index 349
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