holders. The PAC has become an established organization with routinized operations. Such organizations are not remarkably agile because agility is unnecessary for survival, or even success. The PAC made no sharp departure from previous behavior because that is not how established organizations behave. When confronted with an unprecedented situation, it accommodated it within its operational precedents. To have used 1992 as a means of changing the composition of Congress would have meant an abrupt shift from pragmatic to ideological goals. It would have required PAC directors to sever many of the state-level ties they had established over the previous decade, a move that would have cast doubt on their commitment to all other ties. The spread of such doubt would in turn have jeopardized the success of the very lobbying function PAC contributions support. Such a dramatic shift in goals and methods would have constituted a revolution within the PAC, and we should never be surprised when revolutions do not occur.