influence the shape of the 103rd Congress. Because this was the first election cycle after the latest round of redistricting, and because of scandal, frustration with gridlock, and the final opportunity for incumbents to keep previously raised campaign contributions, a record number of incumbents retired. Groups like NARAL and its PAC had an opportunity to reach voters who would be unaffected by the lure of incumbency. NARAL PAC made use of this rare circumstance to endorse and contribute to a record number of candidates, all of whom supported the Freedom of Choice Act.
NARAL PAC worked toward victory by raising and spending more money than ever before, engaging in greater coordinated campaigns with its state affiliates, and relying more on independent spending than it had in the past. It also concentrated almost exclusively on federal elections and focused its message on only one issue--whether voters wanted to lose the right to choose abortion and allow the government to decide their reproductive choices. The message appeared to have been successful. While a veto-proof Congress was not achieved, pro-choice forces gained seats in the House and Senate and, most important for the selection of Supreme Court justices and the overturning of previous restrictive executive orders, Bill Clinton won the presidency. While none of this can be attributed directly or solely to NARAL PAC or other pro-choice advocates, it is not clear whether the outcomes would have been the same without them.