British Friends of the American Revolution

By Jerome R. Reich | Go to book overview

Hartley continued an amicable correspondence with Franklin, Jay, Jefferson, and other American friends. And as late as 1785, Adams, then American envoy to Great Britain, reported that Hartley was again making overtures to him about an Anglo-American alliance. 29 However, the prior year of 1784 had marked not only the end of Hartley's diplomatic career but that of his political career as well. He lost his seat in the House of Commons and retired to private life in Bath. He took a lively interest in Irish affairs and in the course of the French Revolution, but most of his time was spent in scientific experimentation and philosophic speculation. Hartley died in December 1813, in the midst of the War of 1812. His views on this conflict are unknown, but it must have been a tragic occurrence to the man whom Franklin referred to on his departure from Paris as his "dear Friend [and] fellow laborer in the best of all works, the work of peace." 30


Notes
1.
Lord John Russell, ed., Memorials and Correspondence of Charles James Fox (hereafter referred to as Fox Memorials), I, pp. 316, 343-387. Franklin's account of the negotiations may be found in Albert H. Smyth, ed., The Writings of Benjamin Franklin (hereafter referred to as Franklin Writings), VIII, pp. 459-560.
2.
Charles Francis Adams, ed., The Works of John Adams (hereafter referred to as J. Adams Works), VII, pp. 606-607. Additional reactions of Adams may be found, ibid., III, pp. 312, 317-319, 321-323, 325-326; VII, pp. 610-611, 613, 660-661.
3.
Russell, Fox Memorials, I, pp. 357, 453-463; Sir John Fortescue, ed., The Correspondence of King George the Third from 1760 to December, 1783, VI, nos. 3824- 3827, 3830, 3833-3834, 3847; A. Francis Steuart, ed., The Last Journals of Horace Walpole During the Reign of George III from 1771-1783, II, pp. 443-452; Smyth, Franklin Writings, VIII, p. 567.
4.
William Cobbett, ed., Parliamentary History of England, from the Earliest Period to the Year 1803 (hereafter referred to as Parliament History), XXIII, cols. 161, 165-171.
5.
Ibid., col. 206.
6.
Ibid., cols. 217, 231-237, 264-268, 279-282, 285-287, 291-293; Fortescue, Correspondence of King George III, VI, nos. 4014-4015.
7.
Ibid., cols. 305-314, 320-322; Thomas W. Copeland et al., The Correspondence of Edmund Burke, V, pp. 55-58.
8.
Russell, Fox Memorials, II, pp. 20-24, 28-40; Steuart, Last Walpole Journals, II, pp. 479-481.
9.
Cobbett, Parliament History, XXIII, cols. 345-358, 435, 443-455, 466-469, 485-487.
10.
Ibid., cols. 487-489, 493.
11.
Ibid., cols. 498-503, 526-543, 571; Fortescue, Correspondence of King George III, VI, no. 4130.
12.
Fortescue, Correspondence of King George III, VI, nos. 4133, 4150, 4153, 4156-4158; Cobbett, Parliament History, XXIII, cols. 595-596.
13.
Cobbett, Parliament History, XXIII, cols. 658-661, 664-668, 676-678, 685709; Fortescue, Correspondence of King George III, VI, nos. 4259-4260, 4268; Steuart,

-162-

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British Friends of the American Revolution
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Contents *
  • 1 - The Stage and the Players 3
  • Notes 6
  • 2 - Governor Pownall, Dean Tucker, and Major John Cartwright: Practical Idealists or Wishful Thinkers? 7
  • Notes 19
  • 3 - Pitt, Burke, and American Policy, 1763-1770 21
  • Notes 31
  • 4 - "Birds of a Feather": John Wilkes and John Horne Tooke 33
  • Notes 39
  • 5 - The "Honest Whigs" 40
  • Notes 48
  • 6 - The Coercive Acts and Their Opponents: a Study in Futility 50
  • Notes 57
  • 7 - A Dire Prediction 59
  • Notes 72
  • 8 - The House of Lords 74
  • Notes 87
  • 9 Richard Price: Apostle of Liberty 90
  • Notes 103
  • 10 - The Single Legal Victim of the American Revolution 105
  • Notes 111
  • 11 - Dean Tucker: He Told Them So! 112
  • Notes 117
  • 12 - Governor Pownall Fights to the Finish 119
  • Notes 125
  • 13 - David Hartley: Amateur Diplomat 127
  • Notes 137
  • 14 - Charles James Fox: the Life of the Party 139
  • Notes 151
  • 15 - "Peace, Peace, When There is No Peace" 154
  • Notes 162
  • 16 - Summary and Conclusions 164
  • Bibliography 173
  • Index 179
  • About the Author *
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