Concepts and Theories of Human Development

By Richard M. Lerner | Go to book overview
CONTENTS
PREFACE to the Second Editionv
PREFACE to the First Editionix
1 Human Development: Fact or Theory?1
Students and Basic Courses in Sciences: Facts Versus Theory1
Historical Roots of the Study of Human Development7
The Historical Role of the Nature-Nurture Issue8
Philosophical Roots8
Scientific Roots of Development14
Conclusions30
Philosophy, Theory, and Research31
Some Reasons for Doing Research32
The Trouble with Textbooks34
This Text's Approach35
Cattell's Inductive-Hypothetico-Deductive Model36
The Developmental Contextual (or Organismic Contextual) Position38
Defining the Concept of Development40
2 Philosophical Models of Development42
The Mechanistic Model44
Translating the Mechanistic Model into a Theory of Development47
Problems of the Mechanistic Model50
The Organismic Model52.
Translating the Organismic Model into a Theory of Development55
Mechanistic and Organismic Models and Issues of Development56
Conclusions64
The Contextual Model67
Contextualism and Probabilistic Epigenesis68
Developmental Contextualism and the Issue of Dispersion69
The Concept of Development in Developmental Contextualism69
Developmental Contextualism as a "Compromise" Between Mechanism and Organicism73
Limits and Problems of a Developmental-Contextual Perspective76

-xi-

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