Palanpur, the Economy of an Indian Village

By C. J. Bliss; N. H. Stern | Go to book overview

Glossary

Note: The Glossary gives meanings of Hindi words employed in the text, of abbreviations, and of some technical terms. As English has distinctly different sounds from Hindi, the rendering of Hindi words in the Roman script gives a poor idea of how they should be sounded. We have, however, adopted local usage even when an alternative spelling might give a better idea of how the word is pronounced. Definitions of regression variables may be found in Tables 5.5 (p.152), Table 6.3 (p.179), and Table 8.1 (p.255).

ADO Assistant Development Officer. An official responsible for carrying out
various duties under the Block Development Officer, including alloca-
tion of seed and fertilizer within the Block.
AERC Agricultural Economic Research Centre of the University of Delhi.
Arher A ten-month crop, known in English as the pigeon pea or red gram. It is
eaten as dal (lentil). It is grown alone or in combination with bajra.
Bajra A kharif crop, a millet which grows well in sandy soils. The grain is made
into flour.
Bania The name of a caste, whose occupation is merchant or shopkeeper:
hence, a shopkeeper.
Bargujar A sub-caste of Thakurs. There was one household in Palanpur belonging to this sub-caste.
BDO Block Development Officer, the Official charged with the administration
of government economic policies: distribution of seeds and fertilizers,
and so on, at the Block level.
Bhathagar A sub-caste of the Passis.
Bhumidar A tenant who owns land in his own right and can sell it if he wishes.
Under the zamindari abolition acts, tenants of the zamindars became sir-
dars
, tenants of the state, but they could convert to bhumidhari status on
payment of ten times land revenue.
Biddies Simple cigarettes made from tobacco rolled in a leaf.
Bigha A local unit of land area. In the past the size of a bigha varied with the
quality of the land and this is still the case where land ceilings are con-
cerned. However, even today, a bigha may represent more land in one
region than it does in another. In Palanpur there are 6.4 bighas to one
acre.
Block An administrative sub-division of a District, at one time intended to con-
tain roughly 100,000 persons.
Brahmin One of the highest of the Hindu caste divisions. The Brahmins are
priests and teachers and often cooks in city houses.
Cane Deve-
lopment
Society
The organization responsible for the collection and processing
of sugarcane. To have his cane accepted by the mill, the farmer
must have had an allocation of an area on which the cane grown will be
accepted at the mill.
Chamar A sub-group of the untouchables. The Chamars are leather workers and
rank very low, higher only than the Sweepers. In Palanpur the Chamars
have adopted the name Jatab which is a rather more prestigious title.
Chapatis Bread made from a round lump of unleavened flour rolled out into the
shape of a pancake.

-327-

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Palanpur, the Economy of an Indian Village
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface v
  • Contents ix
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - The Village 8
  • Appendix to Chapter 2 34
  • 3 - Theory and India 50
  • Appendix to Chapter 3 88
  • 4 - Markets in Palanpur 90
  • 5 - Tenancy 124
  • 6 - Output and Income 167
  • Appendix to Chapter 6 211
  • 7 - Wheat : The New Varieties and Practices in Palanpur 222
  • 8 - Wheat: Productivity and Expectations 251
  • 9 - Reflections on Economic Theory 299
  • 10 - A Revisit and Some Speculations on the Future 314
  • Glossary 327
  • References 331
  • Author Index 335
  • Subject Index 336
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