A Practical Introduction to Phonetics

By J. C. Catford | Go to book overview

6
Co-articulation and Sequence

We completed our survey of articulatory stricture types (stop, trill, fricture, etc.) and articulatory locations (bilabial, labiodental, apico-dental, etc.) in Chapter 5. however, there are still some things that remain to be said about articulation, and we discuss them here under the headings of co-articulation and sequences.

Co-articulation. All the sounds we have dealt with so far (with one exception, [w]) have a single place of articulation: thus, [p] is bilabial, [c] is dorsopalalatal, [h] is pharyngal, etc. But it is perfectly possible for articulation to occur at tow different places simultaneously. As we saw in Chapter 5, the semivowel [w] involves an approximation and rounding of the lips, and consequently is bilabial; but, at the same time, the back of the tongue is raised towards the veluem, so that there is a simultaneous dorso-velar articulation.

We call such simultaneous articulation at two different locations co-articulation. Co-articulation is an essential feature of some sounds, such as [w], but it also occurs 'accidentally' as it were in the close transition from one consonant to another. In the English word play for example, as usually pronounced, a little introspection will show that the tongue-tip makes contact with the alveolar ridge for the apico-alveolar lateral approximant[1] while the lips are still closed for the bilabial stop [p]. There is thus a short period of overlapping articulation--and this is a period of transitory co-articulation.

On the other hand, some consonants, like the [w] already mentioned, are co-articulated in their own right, as it were, and these are the subject of the present section.

There are two types of co-articulation:(i) co-ordinate, or double articulation, and (ii) secondary articulation.

-103-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Practical Introduction to Phonetics
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Figures xii
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - Basic Components of Speech 11
  • 3 - Phonation: a Third Basic Component 36
  • 4 - Articulation: Stricture Types 62
  • 5 - Articulation: Locations 76
  • 6 - Co-Articulation and Sequence 103
  • 7 - Vowels: Introduction 123
  • 8 - The Cardinal Vowels (Cvs) 138
  • 9 - Prosodic Features 172
  • 10 - Sound-Systems of Languages 187
  • 11 - Review 217
  • For Further Reading 229
  • References 231
  • Appendix the International Phonetic Alphabet (Revised to 1989) 232
  • Index 235
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 242

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.