THE RISE OF THE WHIG PARTY IN THE SOUTH, 1836-1840.
If the situation before 1836 had revealed certain anomalies in the anti-administration ranks, the future had still more in store. It was now to exhibit this Whig opposition, increased by a new element, making its first presidential contest in the South under the banner of a man who had supported each and every step which Jackson had taken--every move that had tended to lessen the confidence of the nation in its chief magistrate. This, too, was done under the slogan of resistance to executive usurpation which now came to have a still more enlarged definition. Reference is made to the campaign of Judge Hugh L. White in the South against Van Buren, the official nominee for the presidency.
Even before Jackson had begun his second four years of service at the head of the national government, his intention to make Van Buren his successor had become noised about. At once objectors appeared on all sides, even among the loudest advocates of Jacksonian democracy. Martin Van Buren was almost the last man who could have been expected to stem the current in the South which had set in against the party in power. There were, to be sure, those who were called "collar men", ready to bow the knee and submit their necks to the collar without knowing why or wherefore, but it was felt that they were limited to the less