Minas Gerais in the Brazilian Federation, 1889-1937

By John D. Wirth | Go to book overview

Notes

Chapter One
1.
Sources for economic data are found in Chapter 2; population data are discussed below. A comprehensive study of the Minas economy since 1945, with some attention to the less recent past, is the excellent six-volume Diagnóstico da economia mineira, issued in 1968 by a research team at the Banco de Desenvolvimento de Minas Gerais. Dubbed the "prophets of catastrophe" for their rather pessimistic conclusions, the authors of this admirable diagnosis remark on the lack of data or systematic studies: "When compared with other political units at the same level of significance, the insufficiency of information about this state is flagrant" (2:5). I have relied heavily on their work throughout this introductory chapter.

Two excellent studies were also very helpful: Yves Leloup, Les villes du Minas Gerais, and Paul Singer chapter on Belo Horizonte in his Desenvolvimento econômico e evolução urbana.

2.
With some exceptions the zonal borders on my own map follow those described in the 1922 Minas, Annuario estatistico, Anno II, pp. 111-14, a point well within the time span of my study. To eliminate zones that were not well rooted in customary usage, I deleted the Annuario's arbitrarily defined "Northwest" and "Northeast" regions, but retained the East zone, which was already a booming frontier area. I enlarged the East region to include parts of the Mata: this mirrors the common historical experience of the Rio Doce Valley and conforms to recent practice. A breakdown of the zones by municípios, from 1872 to 1940, is available from the author upon request.

For a good descriptive study of the evolving subregions to 1940, see Egler, "Distribuição da população." The reasons for choosing 17 physiographic regions and for discarding the old zones as vague and analytically imprecise are discussed by Guimarães, "Divisão regional." See also map 15.1 entitled "Evolugção das divisões regionais de Minas Gerais," in Diagnóstico, 2.

3.
Secretary of Agriculture Israel Pinheiro da Silva in Fôlha de Minas, cited in Pereira Brazil, p. 11.

-267-

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Minas Gerais in the Brazilian Federation, 1889-1937
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • Figures and Tables xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Chapter One - the Minas Mosaic 1
  • Chapter Two - the Economy 31
  • Chapter Three - Society and Culture 65
  • Chapter Four - State Politics: Men, Events, and Structures 97
  • Chapter Five - the Political Elite 140
  • Chapter Six - State and Nation: Political Dimensions 164
  • Chapter Seven - Toward Integration 185
  • Chapter Eight Fiscal Federalism 204
  • Conclusion 225
  • Appendixes 235
  • Notes 267
  • Bibliography 295
  • Index 309
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