THE AUDACITY with which Puerto Rico's colonial voters, in 1940, handed the ruling capital a package program for their own economic salvation--carefully worked out, widely discussed, sworn to by all of the winning party's candidates, voted upon by the people in what could be interpreted only as a mandate to Muíoz--is probably unparalleled in modern colonial history. Previously, all major decisions affecting the island had been made in Washington. Moreover, the tenor of the entire situation was unmistakably such as to inform Washington that the Puerto Ricans were now ready and determined to take matters into their own hands, to create for themselves the reforms for which they had in vain begged the United States during the preceding decades, and to do this without regard to their political status--even as colonial subjects. There must have been men in Washington in those days to whom the entire matter proved again that Muíoz was essentially an irresponsible political adventurer.
The latter's first step opposite the federal government was, however, to write Roosevelt a letter of congratulations for his third election to the Presidency, in which Muíoz also mentioned his own victory and outlined the aims and policies of the Popular Democratic party.