IN 1953 the United States officially reported to the United Nations that Puerto Rico was no longer a dependent territory and that Washington would no longer report on it as such. Momentarily, the United Nations headquarters became a Puerto Rican debating ground. Representatives of the Independence party went to New York to protest against the move on the ground that Puerto Rico was still, in effect, a colony. They were opposed by representatives of the Puerto Rican government, who claimed that the Commonwealth had entered freely and of its own accord into the compact with Washington defining its present political status, that it had achieved self-government within the framework of the American Union, and that it was, in fact, no longer a dependent territory. A small flurry was stirred by the debate. Fear of Nationalist terrorism caused the bodyguard of Henry Cabot Lodge, America's delegate to the United Nations, to be increased. President Eisenhower made a statement to the effect that Puerto Rico could have national sovereignty whenever it so desired. Muñoz Marín made an answering statement, thanking the President for his generosity but disavowing in the name of his people a desire for what he calls "separate independence."