Objectives and Powers of the Communities
THE Community objectives may be sketched first so that the nature and scope of the Community judicial control may be viewed in a better perspective. These objectives will not, of course, be analysed and appraised in economic terms but presented as rudimentary, flexible legal concepts which are to guide the Community organs in the exercise of their powers and assist the Court in its control over them.
The objective common to the Community Treaties is that of extending the national markets of the Member States into a more or less common market of the Community.1 Generally expressed, the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC) seek to undo the unfortunate consequences of a national policy of economic autarchy which disrupted natural economic ties, irrespective of the economic losses inflicted. The EEC is being aptly characterised as an 'economic disarmament',2 as a dismantling of economic barriers3 raised by national autarchy--a characterisation particularly valid for its period of adjustment. In this respect Euratom stands somewhat apart for it is to construct a completely new industry from scratch so that there are practically no barriers to be torn down. The Community Treaties strive not only for a common but also for a competitive market. To a varying degree the Treaties utilise workable competition within the common market4 as an instrument which is expected to perform an integrating function and so promote the fundamental objectives.____________________