The Evangelical Rhetoric of Ramon Llull: Lay Learning and Piety in the Christian West around 1300

By Mark D. Johnston | Go to book overview

Notes

Introduction
1.
Research on this topic grows steadily. Major studies to date include Bäuml, "Varieties and Consequences of Medieval Literacy"; Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record; Coleman, Medieval Readers and Writers; Graff, Legacies of Literacy; Parkes, "Literacy of the Laity"; Saenger, "Silent Reading"; and Stock, Implications of Literacy.
2.
Research on literacy in medieval Spain remains limited. Some useful recent studies are Faulhaber, Libros y bibliotecas; Hillgarth, Readers and Books; and Lawrance, "Spread of Lay Literacy."
3.
Ed. Rubió, Documents per l'història de la cultura, 2:4-5.
4.
Utterback, Pastoral Care and Administration, 40, 131.
5.
Hillgarth, Readers and Books, 45, 50, and table II. I exclude the fifty-eight Jews or conversos who owned 802 books, since they involved less representative linguistic, professional, and social situations. Nonetheless, the concentration of books in this sector of the population is, if anything, even more striking than among the Christian owners.
6.
On the problematic definition of the "popular," see Aers, "Rewriting the Middle Ages"; LeGoff, Time, Work, and Culture, 225-36; Paul, "La religion populaire au Moyen Age"; or Vauchez, Laity in the Middle Ages, 27-38.
7.
As suggested by Fumagalli Beonio Brocchieri in "The Intellectual,"194-96, in an effort to revise LeGoff Intellectuals in the Middle Ages.
8.
E.g., Delcorno, "Predicazione volgare e volgarizzamenti."
9.
The best English summaries of Llull's life are Bonner Doctor Illuminatus, 1-45, and the Selected Works, 3-52. In Catalan, the most useful account is Battlori and Hillgarth Vida de Ramon Llull. The most comprehensive account in any language remains Hillgarth Ramon Lull and Lullism.
10.
See the characterization in Paterson World of the Troubadours, 100-114.

-190-

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The Evangelical Rhetoric of Ramon Llull: Lay Learning and Piety in the Christian West around 1300
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Note on References and Quotations xi
  • Contents *
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - Ramon Llull's Art of Arts 12
  • 2 - Lannguage as Being 34
  • 3 - Language in Mind 48
  • 4 - Invention 70
  • 5 - Beauty in Language 83
  • 6 - Beauty Through Resemblance 100
  • 7 - Order 117
  • 8 - Propriety in Speaking 130
  • 9 - Virtue in Speaking 140
  • 10 - Llull's Sermons 157
  • Conclusion 180
  • Notes 190
  • Works Cited 220
  • Index 261
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