El Niño, 1997-1998: The Climate Event of the Century

By Stanley A. Changnon | Go to book overview

ABBREVIATIONS
AGU American Geophysical Union
AMS American Meteorological Society
CDC Climate Diagnostics Center
CPC Climate Prediction Center
COAPS Center for Ocean-Atmosphere Prediction
COLA Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies
DOC Department of Commerce
ENSO El Niño Southern Oscillation
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
IRI International Research Institute
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
OGP Office of Global Programs
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research
NCEP National Centers for Environmental prediction
NWS National Weather Service
PMEL Pacific Marine Experimental Laboratory
SO Southern Oscillation
SOI Southern Oscillation Index
SST Sea Surface Temperature
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
WMO World Meteorological Organization

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El Niño, 1997-1998: The Climate Event of the Century
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Contents xi
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • Contributors xv
  • 1 - What Made El NiñO 1997-1998 Famous? 3
  • References 26
  • 2 - Causes, Predictions, and Outcomes of El NiñO 1997-1998 28
  • References 47
  • 3 - Was El NiñO a Weather Metaphor--A Signal for Global Warming? 49
  • Notes 67
  • References 67
  • 4 - The Scientific Issues Associated with El NiñO 1997-1998 68
  • Appendix 103
  • References 105
  • 5 - Who Used and Benefited from the El NiñO Forecasts? 109
  • References 134
  • 6 - Impacts of El NiñO's Weather 136
  • References 166
  • 7 - Policy Responses to El NiñO 1997-1998 172
  • References 193
  • 8 - Summary Surprises, Lessons Learned, and the Legacy of El NiñO 1997-1998 197
  • References 209
  • Index 211
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