El Niño, 1997-1998: The Climate Event of the Century

By Stanley A. Changnon | Go to book overview

INDEX
above normal
precipitation, 11, 14, 15, 34, 41, 94, 120, 136-137, 141, 143, 174, 179, 180, 191, 198
snowfall, 94, 119
temperature, 11, 23, 44-45, 60, 90, 137, 145, 146, 153, 156, 158, 165, 198
agriculture
as agribusiness, 113, 122, 131, 133, 200
benefits to, 140, 160-161
crop losses and, 20, 94, 139, 141, 143-144, 201, 205
crop yields, 94, 122, 160-161
food prices and, 94, 139, 141-143
livestock impacts on, 122
predictions of effects on, 9, 11, 13, 23, 76-77, 93-94, 109, 121, 129, 131, 133, 148, 162, 163
American Geophysical Union, 97-100
American Meteorological Society, 97- 100
attribution
controversy over, 11, 13, 23, 82- 86, 99, 103, 183-184, 201
seasonal weather conditions and, 19, 82, 86, 103
storms and, 8, 9, 11, 19, 81-86, 95, 99, 103, 138, 183-184, 198
Baker, James, 3, 23, 91, 148, 179
Barnett, Tim, 187-188
below normal
precipitation, 34, 44, 121, 137, 143, 165, 198
snowfall, 14, 45, 60, 142-143, 146, 152, 156, 165, 201
blizzards, 155
controversy over, 82-84
of January 1998, 9, 15, 84, 138- 141, 201
of October 1997, 19, 51, 58-59, 82, 139, 141, 182-184, 193, 198, 201, 204
Boxer, Barbara, 95, 179
Bureau of Reclamation, 21, 132, 148
California, 40, 120, 136, 179-182, 192, 206, 207
losses in, 14, 15, 20, 22, 51, 59-61, 94, 140-142, 179, 180, 205
mitigation efforts in, 6, 15, 20, 22, 24, 90, 95, 136, 147-149, 151, 173, 179, 180, 189, 202, 207
storms and weather in, 8, 11, 21, 41, 77, 82, 137, 139, 141, 153, 174, 179, 191, 201-202
Canada, 9, 15, 44, 45, 84

-211-

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El Niño, 1997-1998: The Climate Event of the Century
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Contents xi
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • Contributors xv
  • 1 - What Made El NiñO 1997-1998 Famous? 3
  • References 26
  • 2 - Causes, Predictions, and Outcomes of El NiñO 1997-1998 28
  • References 47
  • 3 - Was El NiñO a Weather Metaphor--A Signal for Global Warming? 49
  • Notes 67
  • References 67
  • 4 - The Scientific Issues Associated with El NiñO 1997-1998 68
  • Appendix 103
  • References 105
  • 5 - Who Used and Benefited from the El NiñO Forecasts? 109
  • References 134
  • 6 - Impacts of El NiñO's Weather 136
  • References 166
  • 7 - Policy Responses to El NiñO 1997-1998 172
  • References 193
  • 8 - Summary Surprises, Lessons Learned, and the Legacy of El NiñO 1997-1998 197
  • References 209
  • Index 211
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