As is evident from the analysis presented, the nature and structure of this discourse event is complex due to the interrelationships among the participants and their aims, their expectations and assumptions, the ways in which meaning emerges, and the way participants represent those meanings in their languages. Studying discourse and its phenomena among and between the participants and the interpreter explicates how the interpreting process works and how the interpreter works within it. This type of study begins to tell us how interpreters know what things mean and what strategies they use to convey meaning.
First, the basic and fundamental interpreting event occurs when two people who have particular intentions and expectations come together and talk through an interpreter. This is the basic nature of human communication and thus is the basic event of interpreting. It is this event that is primary and from which all other interpreted events are derived. It is the interaction here that is central to the study of interpreting, not the interaction when interpreting for a single speaker. The interaction and the presence of the interpreter define the event.
It is also basic and fundamental to the study of interpreting that all three people are part of the process and part of understanding how the process operates. An interpreted event is an exchange of talk among three people, all of whom actively contribute to the direction and outcome of the event. A central requirement of interpreting studies must be to ac-