But under what circumstances should such a political change be allowed to take place? This is what Colonel House tried to set down on paper for the President and the result of his efforts, though it is far from solving the problem, at least has the merit of bringing out how exceedingly difficult it is. Here is his suggested formula for an agreed loosening of the strait jacket:
The Contracting Powers unite in several guarantees to each other of their territorial integrity and political independence, subject, however, to such territorial modifications, if any, as may become necessary in the future by means of changes in present racial conditions and aspirations, pursuant to the principle of self-determination, and as shall also be regarded by three-fourths of the Delegates of the League of Nations as necessary and proper for the welfare of the peoples concerned; recognizing also that all territorial changes involve equitable compensations and that the peace of the world is superior in importance and interest to questions of boundary.
This is as far as Woodrow Wilson proceeded in a theoretical attempt to solve the dilemma. In effect, he admitted that it was, theoretically, insoluble. But he soon found that he had to take up a position on a whole series of practical problems of political change--the problems resulting from the moribund condition of the Austro-Hungarian and Turkish Empires. On these he had provisional solutions to offer which are set forth in his ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth Points. Only in the case of Poland is his endorsement of self-determination specific and unreserved.
ONE of the most fruitful ideas originated by Woodrow Wilson was the transformation of the Monroe Doctrine into an integral part of a world-wide organization for peace. This reached its final