IN performing the functions which have just been described, functions of legislation and deliberation, the General Assembly, like its predecessor, the Assembly of the League of Nations, has been hampered by the existence of another body for which place was found in the constitution. This awkward neighbor was known in the League Covenant by the comprehensive title of "The Council," while in the United Nations system it bears the more restricted name of "The Security Council."
This restriction marks an important milestone in the constitutional evolution of the World Authority. Under the system of the Covenant, into which, as we have seen, the Assembly was introduced by an afterthought as a kind of appendage, the legislative process embodied in the World Services was placed under the supervision of this "Council." The Assembly was indeed free to discuss the work of what were then known as "the Technical Organizations," but the control and responsibility rested with the Council, to which their annual reports were submitted for approval. As, after 1925, the Council was mainly occupied with matters of high policy, its members were little interested in the so-called "technical" subjects and were also, as a rule, not at all well qualified to deal with them. Indeed, in some cases, particular states used these technical agencies for their own nationalistic purposes, thus interfering with their inner working; for at that time the autonomy guaranteed to the Specialized Agencies under the United Nations system had not yet been established and, by the system which divided up the business of the Council among rapporteurs, it was possible for individual countries to acquire something of a private domain of their own and thus to build up what amounted to a vested interest.
These unsatisfactory conditions formed the subject of a League Inquiry in the late thirties and its conclusions, embodied in the