A note on sources will interest readers and students. The basic printed bibliography for the American socialist movement is volume II of Socialism and American Life ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1952), edited by Donald Drew Egbert and Stow S. Persons.
Manuscripts have been of secondary importance in this study. Socialist opinions were public property and the scattered letters that survive seldom throw light or revelation upon the broader problems with which they deal. Debs kept no copies of correspondence, and was effusive and repetitious in much of his correspondence. The basic manuscript collection for the Socialist Party is the Socialist Party Collection at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. Though voluminous, much of the collection is of little use and the bulk of the papers dates subsequent to 1920. In the Manuscripts Division of the Library of Congress the papers of Charles Edward Russell, William J. Ghent, Woodrow Wilson, William Jennings Bryan and others are of some value. The David Karsner papers at the New York Public Library contain a good many late Debs letters. The Library also has a large collection of socialist pamphlets. The Tamiment Institute in New York, formerly the Rand School of Social Science, has a large collection of Debs material chiefly clippings in the Debs Scrapbooks and a few scattered items of correspondence which were of use in this study. The Tom Mooney papers in the Bancroft Library at the University of California at Berkeley have several late Debs letters, The State Historical Society of Wisconsin in Madi