John Gardner is, as reviewers have observed, a "philosophical novelist." Despite this bearish label, three of his novels to date have been best sellers, and one, October Light, received the National Book Critics Circle Award for Fiction in 1976. Gardner is also called a "fabulator." But though he may, as he says, "put on a circus show," or "throw his voice," or "play magic games" with his characters, his vision is essentially tragic. He celebrates the same enduring truths that Homer, Tolstoy, and Faulkner celebrated in the past. His aim, he says, is to write a "moral fiction," a fiction which stands in creative opposition to the "monstrousness" of Sartrean existentialism and affirms the redeeming power of the imagination.
At last count Gardner had published over thirty books, pamphlets, and broadsides; over one hundred stories, poems, articles, essays, and reviews; and over one hundred interviews. Yet only a few short, enumerative bibliographies, including my own, have been published.* This fulllength bibliography is an attempt to remedy this fact and lay the necessary groundwork for scholars and critics who wish to explore the genesis of Gardner's thought, art, and reputation.
This bibliography provides: 1) a biographical outline of Gardner's career; 2) a collation of the first American edition, with photographic reproductions of its title and copyright pages; 3) printing histories of the first American and British editions; 4) printing histories of all subsequent editions in boards and wrappers; 5) citations of all verifiable foreign editions; 6) annotated checklists of all forthcoming and projected works; 7) annotated checklists of all fiction, poetry, articles, essays, reviews, and letters; 8) an annotated checklist of interviews and speeches; 9) a miscellaneous checklist of Gardner's manuscripts and contributions to other media; 10) a secondary checklist of articles and essays; 11) a secondary checklist of reviews. In addition, the reader will find photographic reproductions of significant typescript pages, memorabilia, and dust jackets.
Section A of this bibliography records editions and printings of all separate publications. It identifies editions by arabic numerals: "1" is the first edition, "2" the second edition, and so on. It identifies printings by lowercase roman letters: "a" is the first printing, "b" the second printing. Since I have not always been able to verify copyright claims of simultane-____________________