The Missionary Factor in East Africa

By Roland Oliver | Go to book overview

Chapter Four
THE ZENITH OF THE MISSIONS, 1884-1914

1

THE EUROPEAN OCCUPATION, promising to remove many of the difficulties and dangers of missionary work in East Africa, and attracting the attention of new sections of the supporting public in Europe, provoked a remarkable reinforcement of missionary enterprise, by new societies as well as by those already established in the field.

As early as 1884 the Freiherr von Gravenreuth, a leading member of the German East Africa Company and a devout Roman Catholic, had organised and to a large extent financed the foundation of a missionary congregation of the Benedictine Order, named after St. Ottilien, with its headquarters at Reichenbach in Bavaria. Three years later the first novices were ready, and the Propaganda divided in two the Apostolic Vicariate of Zanzibar, hitherto worked by the Holy Ghost Fathers, and allotted the southern half to the Benedictines of St. Ottilien.1 Abbeys were founded at Dar-es-Salaam ( 1889), at Lukuledi 2 in the south-east of the territory ( 1895), at Peramiho in the south-west ( 1898) and at Madibira in the Southern Highlands ( 1894); and from

____________________
1
J. Schmidlin, Die Katholischen Missionen in den deutschen Schutzgebieten, 1914, p. 113.
2
Moved to Ndanda, 1907.

-163-

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