OBSTACLES TO INTERNATIONALISM
NOTHING is more enticing than a large word which idealizes our ambitions and justifies our hopes. Once we discover this all-solving word we embrace it eagerly and never seek to ask whether to others it means the same wide salvation as to us. If it unlocks our doors, if it opens our windows upon a glorious vista of liberty, we cannot conceive that it may not unlock all other doors and open all other windows. We assume a universal validity for any theory, premise or ideal which suits our circumstances.
In the past the nations have had many of these all-embracing words. Authority, Conformity, Faith, Liberty, Equality, Democracy, Nationalism --one after another these keywords came to the peoples and were adopted and fought for, though to some of the peoples they meant release and to others tears and chains.
It is indeed when a word, phrase or slogan completely epitomizes the desires of a nation or a class and arouses the greatest enthusiasm that it becomes most cruel. The noblest aspirations translate themselves somewhere into misery and pain. There were