Poverty in Transition and Transition in Poverty: Recent Developments in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Russia, Mongolia

By Yogesh Atal | Go to book overview

INTRODUCTION

Yogesh Atal Coordinating Unit for Social Development, UNESCO

We commit ourselves to the goal of eradicating poverty in the world, through decisive national actions and international cooperation, as an ethical, social, political, and economic imperative of humankind.

Commitment # 2, Declaration by the World Summit for Social Development.

We have used our wealth and knowledge to explore space and reach the moon, while failing to reach poor neighbourhoods and ghettos. These people are reachable, but remain unreached.

We must commit ourselves to the geographically remote and socially distant ... As we strive to build superhighways, we must not forget the streets and blind alleys where a vast segment of humanity lives in a constricted world, suffering from hunger, indignities, and neglect.

Federico Mayor Director-General of UNESCO, 17 October 1995


Prologue

Preparing to enter the twenty-first century, and looking back at the gains of the past fifty years of developmental efforts, the world community has engaged itself in reprioritizing its agenda. There is certainly a feeling of satisfaction over the achievements made, but there is also a realization that much remains to be done. The development path pursued in the past five decades has not only failed to achieve some of its goals, but has also contributed to the inventory of problems. We need to attend to the unfinished agenda, and to address the newly emerging problems of global dimension. We have acknowledged the fact that despite growing modernization and gains in terms of economic growth, most countries

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Poverty in Transition and Transition in Poverty: Recent Developments in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Russia, Mongolia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction 1
  • Bibliography 31
  • Chapter One - Recent Trends in Poverty in Hungary 32
  • Bibliography 75
  • Chapter Two - Emerging Poverty in Bulgaria 77
  • Bibliography 100
  • Chapter Three - Poverty in Romania 102
  • Conclusion 126
  • Bibliography 128
  • Chapter Four - Toward Poverty Eradication in Georgia 130
  • Appendix 172
  • Bibliography 175
  • Acknowledgment 176
  • Chapter Five - The Russian Case Social Policy Concerns 177
  • Bibliography 220
  • Chapter Six - Mongolia in the Grip of Poverty 223
  • Conclusion 253
  • Bibliography 255
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