Poverty in Transition and Transition in Poverty: Recent Developments in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Russia, Mongolia

By Yogesh Atal | Go to book overview
ness of the powers-that-be, and in the last six years, there has hardly been any noticeable improvement. This has logically led to the people's rising dissatisfaction, often leading to their protests in defence of their own interests. All this will probably significantly strengthen the positions of the hitherto powerless civil organizations. It is only natural that these organizations should enjoy support from the state for their activities. However, the already existing organizations must work on behalf of the poor with greater enthusiasm.In Bulgaria, the period from January to April 1997, was characterized by political destabilization, hyperinflation, and a very high rate of devaluation in the national currency. This brought about mass protests and early parliamentary election. The interim government managed to curb inflation and the devaluation of the Bulgarian lev and to pacify the mass protestors. But the expected rise in unemployment, along with the process of continuing impoverishment, limitations in free medical aid due to the extremely high price of medicine, heating, electricity, and so on might, yet once again, aggravate social tension. We hope that with the introduction of the currency board, the situation in Bulgaria will become more stable.
Bibliography
The Center for Studying Democracy. 1995. "Risk Groups and Their Challenge for Social Policy." Paper presented at a symposium, July 1995.
Chavdarova T. 1996. "Methods of Determining the Poverty Line: Problems for Discussion." Poverty and Fragmentation in Bulgarian Society: The Role NGOs Play in Encouraging Social Integration. Sofia.
CISTI. 1995. Sociological Problems of Poverty. Sofia.
Fotev G. 1996. "Poverty and Fragmentation in Bulgarian Society." Poverty and Fragmentation in Bulgarian Society: The Role NGOs Play in Encouraging Social Integration. Sofia.
Hristoskov Y., G. Shopov, and I. Beleva. 1996. Noninstitutionalized Employment and Self-Employment. Sofia: Institute of Market Economy.
Kostov G. 1970. Problems with the Minimum Wage. Sofia: Works of the Institute of Labor.

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Poverty in Transition and Transition in Poverty: Recent Developments in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Russia, Mongolia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction 1
  • Bibliography 31
  • Chapter One - Recent Trends in Poverty in Hungary 32
  • Bibliography 75
  • Chapter Two - Emerging Poverty in Bulgaria 77
  • Bibliography 100
  • Chapter Three - Poverty in Romania 102
  • Conclusion 126
  • Bibliography 128
  • Chapter Four - Toward Poverty Eradication in Georgia 130
  • Appendix 172
  • Bibliography 175
  • Acknowledgment 176
  • Chapter Five - The Russian Case Social Policy Concerns 177
  • Bibliography 220
  • Chapter Six - Mongolia in the Grip of Poverty 223
  • Conclusion 253
  • Bibliography 255
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