Poverty in Transition and Transition in Poverty: Recent Developments in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Russia, Mongolia

By Yogesh Atal | Go to book overview

Chapter Three
POVERTY IN ROMANIA

Traian Rotariu / Livia Popescu Center for Urban and Rural Sociology, National University


Introduction

This study was carried out during a period of power transfer from the party which had governed since 1990 to a party coalition which now embraces a very different political orientation. Due to this political transition and the resultant "natural" time lag between the legislative/political changes and the current economic and social realities, the present analysis is based on data reflecting a past state of affairs. This is true both in relation to the real poverty phenomenon and to the political attitude toward it. Following the general and legislative elections held in November 1996, the governing bodies changed their political composition and subsequently their programmatic directions. At this point, it is hard to evaluate the impact of the new policies. Therefore, any comment can only be based on programs and declarations of intentions.

Economic reform will be speeded up by both accelerating and extending privatization and by encouraging foreign investment. The industrial giants, inherited from the communist regime and not affected by the reform initiated under the previous governments, will be included in the privatization and marketization processes. Subsidies for both industries and agriculture are to be significantly reduced. The universal social protection consisting of subsidies on essential food products, energy, and transport have already been abandoned or reduced to a large extent. The present government is aware, and has publicly admitted, that economic restructuring will bring about an important decline in the living standards of the majority of the population. Even if it is expected

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Poverty in Transition and Transition in Poverty: Recent Developments in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, Georgia, Russia, Mongolia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Introduction 1
  • Bibliography 31
  • Chapter One - Recent Trends in Poverty in Hungary 32
  • Bibliography 75
  • Chapter Two - Emerging Poverty in Bulgaria 77
  • Bibliography 100
  • Chapter Three - Poverty in Romania 102
  • Conclusion 126
  • Bibliography 128
  • Chapter Four - Toward Poverty Eradication in Georgia 130
  • Appendix 172
  • Bibliography 175
  • Acknowledgment 176
  • Chapter Five - The Russian Case Social Policy Concerns 177
  • Bibliography 220
  • Chapter Six - Mongolia in the Grip of Poverty 223
  • Conclusion 253
  • Bibliography 255
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