The "Jacksonian Era" is almost entirely different from the "Era of Reform," though they bear the same dates. The former was expeditious, for the most part, and respectful of the attitudes of its slaveholding, Irish, and other supporters. The latter was moral and humanitarian, as in its temperance and abolitionist concerns. Both are seen best in the common frame of the multi- volumed histories of the period, especially John Bach MacMaster History of the People of the United States, especially Volumes Six and Seven ( New York, 1906, 1910), which treat numerous movements and events, including the Cherokee controversy, with vivid detail.
There is a large bibliography of writ ings on both Andrew Jackson and John Marshall. John Spencer Bassett two- volume Life of Andrew Jackson ( Garden City, 1911) and Marquis James' Andrew Jackson: Portrait of a President ( Indianapolis, 1937) remain the most useful; William MacDonald, Jacksonian Democracy, 1828- 1837 ( New York, 1906) strives to be fair to Jackson, but concedes the illogical nature of his Indian policy. Albert J. Beveridge four- volume Life of John Marshall ( Boston, 1919) is one of the most famous of all American biographies. James A. Servies, ed., A Bibliography of John Marshall ( Washington, 1956), was prepared for his Bicentennial, and is indexed for ready use. Edward S. Corwin John Marshall and the Constitution ( New Haven, 1919) is short, but both readable and authoritative. Richard Longaker, "Andrew Jackson and the Judiciary," Political Science Quarterly, LXXXI ( 1956), 341-364, emphasizes that Jackson opposed Marshall, not, as popularly supposed, the Supreme Court.
Of the numerous histories of the State of Georgia, E. Merton Coulter Georgia, a Short History ( Chapel Hill, 1933) is most readily available. Ulrich Bonnell Phillips ' Georgia and State Rights ( Washington, 1902) is a balanced and scholarly study of Georgia from the Revolution to the Civil War. The emphasis is on Georgia's relations with the Federal Government. Students seeking a more detailed study of the intricacies of state politics should consult Paul Murray, The Whig Party in Georgia, 1825- 1853 ( Chapel Hill, 1948). Milton Sydney Heath's Constructive Liberalism ( Cambridge, Mass., 1954) is rich in data pertaining to many aspects of economic life in Georgia from 1732 to 1860. Wilson Lumpkin's autobiography, The Removal of the Cherokees (2 vols., New York, 1907), is fascinating and filled with useful documents, but is not readily obtainable. Robert McPherson's brief biography of Lumpkin (and a defense of his policies) appears in Horace Montgomery's collection, Georgians in Profile ( Athens, Georgia, 1958), pp. 144-167. Studies of George R. Gilmer and of George M. Troup are quite unreliable: the standard works are Gilmer, Sketches of Some of the First Settlers of Upper Georgia, of the Cherokees, and the Author