A Legal Analysis of Ingraham v. Wright
Fourteen-year-old James Ingraham was an eighth grader attending Drew Junior High School in Dade County, Florida. On October 6, 1970, a number of students, including James, were slow in leaving the stage of the school auditorium when asked to do so by a teacher. The school principal, Willie J. Wright, Jr., took James and the other students to his office to be paddled. When James protested, claiming his innocence, Lemmie Deliford, the assistant principal, and Solomon Barnes, an assistant to the principal, were called in.1
Q. Do you remember if he told you how many times he was going to beat you?
A. Started off with five, then he went up to twenty.
Q. How did he paddle you, if you resisted it?
A. They took off their coats when they come in. . . .
Q. Who were "they"?
A. Mr. Deliford, Mr. Barnes and Mr. Wright.
Q. They took off their coats?
A. Yes, and their watches.
Q. Then what did they do?
A. Told me to take the stuff off my pockets and take off my coat.
Q. Then what did they tell you to do?
A. "Stoop over and get your licks."
Q. Did you do that when they told you to do it?
Q. What did you do? . . .
A. I stand up.