Corporal Punishment in American Education: Readings in History, Practice, and Alternatives

By Irwin A. Hyman; James H. Wise | Go to book overview

26
A Social Science Analysis of Evidence Cited in Litigation on Corporal Punishment in the Schools

Irwin A. Hyman

During the twentieth century American society through its judicial and educational establishments has recognized increasingly that children are citizens. While parents' and citizens' groups have lobbied and worked for reform legislation, there is little question that the judicial system has aided in the recognition of the rights of children. However, it is becoming increasingly obvious that the Nixon appointees to the Supreme Court, in concurrence with earlier conservative appointees, has moved away from the recognition of children's rights as citizens within the context of the public schools. Perhaps one of the most far-reaching decisions in the current backward spiral of the Supreme Court attitude occurred on April 19, 1977, when the United States Supreme Court ruled that the cruel and unusual punishment clause of the Eighth Amendment did not apply to the use of corporal punishment on public school children. In the case of Ingraham v. Wright, 45 L.W. 4364, the Supreme Court not only refused protection (under the Constitution) for children against corporal punishment but they held that the due process clause of the Constitution does not require notice and hearing prior to the imposition of corporal punishment. The minority opinion written by Justices White, Brennan, Marshall, and Stevens outlines the obvious legal inconsistencies apparent in the majority opinion.

The legal and educational implications of the Supreme Court decision in Ingraham v. Wright have far-reaching effects. However, the purpose of

This essay was presented as a paper at the 55th Annual Meeting of the American Orthopsychiatric Association, San Francisco, California, March 31, 1978.

-394-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Corporal Punishment in American Education: Readings in History, Practice, and Alternatives
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 471

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.