APPENDIX B: YAGUA VOCABULARY

PHONENC PATTERN

THE words appearing in the glossary were colleted in the field primarily for ethnographic and lexical purposes; no linguistic analysis of Yagua was attempted. Consequently, the definition of words denoting concrete objects--and such words form the overwhelming proportion of entries in the glossary--will be more valid than that of synthetic or inflected words referring to relations and events. For the few verb forms included in the glossary, the definitions merely provide English equivalents of their lexical content, not of their paradigmatic function. Each word, however, was checked several times by obtaining the responses of different informants. In this way, lexical errors due to inaccurate responses or to misunderstanding were largely eliminated.

The present phonetic transcription was devised outside the field by Stanley Newman and based upon the material of the glossary; it does not pretend to be a thoroughgoing phonemic analysis of Yagua. The author of this volume acted as informant for the words given in the glossary, and his phonetic renderings were checked against sound films that had been taken in the field. The transcription, though reasonably accurate and phonemically valid as far as the material permitted, probably errs on the side of making more phonetic distinctions than would be phonemically necessary, particularly in the vowel system. It was felt advisable to err on the side of caution in making phonemic interpretations, because of the limited range of the data. Only a study of further data will make it possible to reduce the transcription to a more compact phonemic system.

LABIAL DENTAL PREPALATAL MIDRALATAL GLOTTAL
Stops
Voiced b d g
Voiceless p t k (')
Spirants
Voiced v z ž
Voiceless f s š x h
Affricatives c č
Continuants
Nasals m n ñ
Semivowels w y
Trill r
Lateral 1

Voiceless stops are unaspirated: p as in French pas, t as in French tasse, k as in French car.

Labial b and p are bilabial; v and f are labio-dental; w is rounded very slightly, approaching a lax spirant in the quality of its release.

-118-

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Ethnography of the Yagua
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Preface 5
  • Contents 7
  • Illustrations 10
  • Phonetic Key 13
  • Introduction 14
  • Technical Culture 30
  • Non-Technical Culture 70
  • Appendix A: List of Artifacts and Their Functions 113
  • Appendix B: Yagua Vocabulary 118
  • Bibliography 129
  • Index 131
  • Plates 139
  • Explanation of Plates 141
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