The General Line: The Grand Alliance
The story has been generally accepted that, at the very moment when the Stalin-Hitler war broke out, the British communists threw themselves enthusiastically into a policy of National Unity. Nothing could be farther from the truth. Western communists, naturally, greeted with an outburst of fury Hitler's attack upon their real and only fatherland. But stronger than their hatred of Nazi aggression was their hatred of their own countries. They attempted to continue a line almost indistinguishable from their previous line, until Moscow forced them to abandon their antics.
'This attack is the sequel of the secret moves which have been taking place behind the curtain of the Hess mission. We warn the people against the upper-class reactionaries in Britain and the United States who will seek by every means to reach an understanding with Hitler on the basis of the fight against the Soviet Union. Only the action of the people can prevent this. We have no confidence in the present government, dominated by Tory friends of fascism and coalition labour leaders, who have already shown their stand by their consistent anti-Soviet campaigns.'
Thus World News and Views on June 28th greeted the outbreak of the new war and Churchill's offer of solidarity with the USSR in its self-made predicament. The party slogans issued at the same time make this policy clearer still. Proclaiming solidarity with the USSR, they request:
'An immediate military and diplomatic agreement between Britain and the USSR;
'Remove all pro-fascist and anti-Soviet reactionaries from places of power in the government, diplomatic services or military command;