THE AMORITIC MIGRATION 2500-2230 B.C.
ABOUT 2500 B.C. a second wave of Semitic migration poured out of Arabia and overflowed Babylonia. Evidence of this is found in a new type of proper names that suddenly makes its appearance.1 Among the kings of the first dynasty of Babylon and in contracttablets of the same period names occur in which the deity is designated as 'Abi, "my father," or 'Ammi, "my paternal uncle." These formations are not Babylonian, but are characteristic of the Canaanitic group of languages (Hebrew, Phoenician, Moabitic, Ammonitic, etc.). Thus, in a contract-tablet of the time of Apil-Sin the name Abi-ramu occurs,2 which is identical with the Hebrew Abiram and Abram. Ebishum, the eighth king of dynasty I., is written in the contract- tablets Abi-e-shukh, which is the etymological equivalent of the Hebrew Abishua. Three of the kings of dynasty I. bear names compounded with 'Ammi--namely, ' Ammisatana, ' Ammisadugga, and Khammurabi,____________________