THE RULE OF THE CITY OF BABYLON 2230-1700 B.C.
THE Elamitic supremacy in Babylonia and in the West did not long survive Abram's defeat of Chedorlaomer. We have an inscription of Khammurabi1 which reads, "In the month Shabatu, on the 23d (22d) day, in the year when Khammurabi in the strength of Anu and Bel established his welfare, and the adda of Yamutbal and Eri-Aku his (i.e., Khammurabi's) hand cast to the ground." The adda of Yamutbal is doubtless the same as Kudur-Mabuk, the adda of Emutbal and father of Eri-Aku, whom we have met already; and from this inscription it is clear that Khammurabi (Amraphel) succeeded in casting off the Elamitic yoke. This achievement was followed by the uniting of Babylonia under his rule. Babylon now became the capital of Western Asia, and for many centuries she did not lose this position. Even after Assyria had robbed her of political influence, she retained her religious supremacy. Like Rome of the Middle Ages, she remained a holy city, from which law and learning went forth; and the conqueror who laid claim to the dominion of the____________________